Progress, which records the sector is huge and it seems – almost worldwide irreversible. In recent years, it resonates particularly in the automotive industry and significantly affect the business sector, as evidenced by a growing fleet of electric vehicles. The forecasts are optimistic: in 10 years, EVs cheaper than conventional. Electric cars nowadays make up only about 1% of new cars sold (due to the still high cost of batteries, short range and lack of charging stations network), but by the end of 2040 their sales expected to reach 41 million units.
“I believe that the missiles in addition to all the transport of the future will be electric,” he predicted in the spring of 2016 with its revolutionary electric car for $ 35,000 Elon Musk, CEO of Tesla Motors. The cost of buying the previous models while the US companies were about twice as high. The expansion of e-mobility suggests another plan: just Tesla, which in 2015 sold about 50,000 elektroáut intends to 2020 to increase sales up to half a million units per year.
Most electric rides per capita in the Nordic countries of Europe. The purchase of green vehicles supported by government incentives such as the Netherlands, Norway, Spain and the USA.
Slovakia adopted a strategy for the development of electromobility in 2015. In the standard scenario, the government is considering to 2020 the number of 10,000 plug-in hybrid and electric cars on Slovak roads.
A prerequisite for trouble-free operation of electric vehicles is that they can recharge. According to analysts of Bloomberg New Energy Finance (BNEF) the total cost of ownership of electric vehicles would have until 2025 might be lower than the costs for diesel and gasoline cars. The reason they are constantly falling prices of batteries, which is about the most expensive component electric car.
“The cost of lithium-ion batteries in 2010 fell by 65 percent. In 2015 they amounted to $ 350 per kWh. We expect that the cost of batteries will be in 2030, well below the $ 120 per kWh and through new chemicals will decline even more, “said Colin McKerracher, chief analyst at BNEF.
Experts estimate that the increase in the use of electric cars will help road “remove” some 13 million barrels of oil per day. Demand for electricity is on the contrary, increased by 1,900 TWh, which represents about 8% of global electricity demand in 2015.
One serious downside risks to the onset of electromobility nevertheless it could hinder, the low price of oil. “Our forecast is based on the assumption that the oil price reaches $ 50, and by 2040 to 70 US dollars per barrel and more,” explains analyst and author of the study BNEF Salim Morsy, stressing: “In the case of low oil prices may be the onset of electric cars on hold almost 10 years. “